Menopause all you need to know


Menopause is a new stage in a woman’s life when her ability to childbirth is lost. This happens at the age of 45-55, but there is also a premature menopause in 35-40 years.

Symptoms of menopause:

Due to the fact that with age there is a decrease in the functioning of the ovaries, the hormones progesterone and estrogen are produced in fewer. There is a violation of the menstrual cycle, menstruation become irregular or even stop. Changes can be sharp or last several months or years.

The main symptoms of the onset of menopause: tides, night sweating, deterioration of the skin condition (increased dryness) and hair, change in the chest glands, dry vagina, decrease in sex drive. However, about 20% of women do not note any symptoms.

During menopause, a woman is subject to sharp mood swings, increased irritability appears. There is also forgetfulness, absent -mindedness and rapid fatigue. All this is due to the hormonal restructuring of the body.

After menopause, a woman is at risk of osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, the cause of all this is the lack of estrogen in the body.



During the period of menopause and after its completion, a woman needs hormonal therapy that can compensate for the lack of hormones. Positive effects of this therapy: counteracting cervical cancer, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, endometritis and ovarian diseases. There is a positive effect on the condition of the skin and hair. But the hormonal therapy of menopause and minuses have hormonal therapy. Side effects are manifested in the resumption of menstruation and the manifestation of premenstrual symptoms: the sensitivity of the mammary glands, irritability, increase in weight, etc. In such cases, the doctor can change the type of hormonal therapy (creams, patchings, implantation, etc.)

There is also hormone replacement therapy of menopause – continuous administration of drugs. But she has a large number of side effects. This type of therapy is not recommended for women suffering from hypertension, diabetes, as well as those who previously hurt endometriosis, had fibroma or stones in the gall bladder, as the risk of these diseases increases. Hormone replacement therapy is not suitable for women who were previously treated for breast cancer, cardiovascular diseases, icosclerosis and severe diseases of the kidneys and liver.

During the period of menopause, every woman needs consulting a competent specialist and an individual selection of treatment methods and hormonal drugs.